A new SARS-like virus has been detected in China, whose links trace back to a fish market in Wuhan. This virus has claimed multiple lives and is spreading rapidly through the human-human transmission. This means that there are no borders that can contain this strain of coronavirus, which imposes a major threat for the people across the globe. Thus, it is important for everyone to understand what coronavirus is and how to protect themselves from it.
What is Coronavirus?
Coronavirus is a type of virus that affects the respiratory tracts of mammals. The common symptoms include pneumonia, common cold, and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). Interestingly, 15-30% of common colds are also caused by coronaviruses.
Coronaviruses can affect different species, which is why its impact is much more severely observed than other types of viruses. Until now, scientists have discovered that coronaviruses can infect rats, mice, cats, dogs, horses, turkeys, pigs, and cattle.
What Are the Different Types of Coronaviruses?
There are six types of coronaviruses that are recognised and known for infecting humans. All these viruses are different in terms of their severity and potential to spread.
The common types of coronaviruses are listed below:
- NL63 (alpha coronavirus).
- 229E (alpha coronavirus).
- HKU1 (beta coronavirus).
- OC43 (beta coronavirus).
The dangerous and life-threatening coronaviruses include Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV).
SARS was first traced in China in 2003, which further spread to many countries in Europe, North America, South America, and Asia. Reportedly, 774 people in China lost their lives to SARS in 2003.
Efforts were made to contain this global outbreak and since 2004, there are no cases of SARS reported anywhere in the world.
MERS-Cov was reported in Saudi Arabia in the year 2012 and since then, it has infected many neighbouring countries. To date, scientists are examining the risks associated with this virus, the probable sources, transmission mediums, and the precautions.
How to Protect Yourself from Coronavirus?
Currently, there are no vaccines that can protect people from coronavirus infection. However, the risk of exposure can be significantly reduced by doing the following:
- Hands should be frequently washed with water and soap, at least for 20 seconds.
- Contact with sick people should be avoided.
- Unwashed hands should not be rubbed onto eyes, mouth, or nose.
How to Protect Others from Coronavirus?
If you feel sick or observe any other coronavirus symptoms, you should protect others by taking the following measures:
- Stay at home.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you sneeze. Later, discard this tissue in the bin and wash your hands.
- Maintain a safe distance from people.
- Disinfect and clean objects in your use.
How to Treat Coronavirus?
As discussed earlier, there are no specific remedies to treat coronaviruses and people recover on their own from these viruses. However, it can be painful to endure this virus, and you can take the following precautions to relieve your symptoms:
- Take hot showers to soothe sore throat and cough.
- Take fever and pain medications such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen or naproxen.
- Use a clean humidifier.
- Consume lots of fluid.
- Avoid smoking.
- Stay at home and rest.
Despite taking these precautions, you must see a doctor if your health deteriorates.
The epidemic caused by this new strain of coronavirus is a ringing alarm for the people across the globe. It requires immediate response from the relevant regulating bodies, especially when people from China will be travelling across the world at Lunar year. Are you facing any academic writing problems? Hire writing professionals to process your “Essay Writing Service” requests.