Guidance and counseling have several functions and principles, so what are the functions and principles of guidance and counseling? The following reviews are deliberately summarized for you.

Guidance and Counseling Functions

a. Understanding

That helps students or students to have an understanding of themselves (their potential) and their environment (education, work, and religious norms). Based on this understanding, individuals are expected to be able to develop their potential with the environment dynamically and constructively.

b. Preventive

Namely the counselor’s efforts to anticipate various problems that might occur and try to prevent it, so that it is not experienced by students. Through this function, the counselor provides guidance to students on how to avoid actions or activities that endanger themselves. The techniques that can be used are orientation services, information, and group guidance.

According to the research of the expert writers of Nursing Assignment Writing Service UK that some issues that need to be informed to students in preventing unexpected behavior, include: the dangers of alcoholism, smoking, drug abuse, dropouts, and promiscuity (free sex).

c. Development

Namely, counselors strive to create a conducive learning environment that facilitates student development. Counselors and other personnel work together to align and implement mentoring programs in a systematic and continuous manner in an effort to help students achieve their developmental tasks. Guidance techniques that can be used here are information services, tutorials, group discussions or brainstorming, homerooms, and field trips.

d. Repair (healing)

Namely curative guidance functions. This function is closely related to efforts to provide assistance to students who have experienced problems, both regarding personal, social, learning and career aspects. The technique that can be used is counseling and remedial teaching.

e. Distribution

Namely the function of guidance in helping individuals choose extracurricular activities, majors or study programs, and determine the mastery of a career or position in accordance with interests, talents, expertise and other personality traits. In carrying out this function, counselors need to work closely with other educators inside and outside the educational institution.

f. Adaptation

That is the function of helping the education implementer, especially the counselor, teacher or lecturer to adapt the education program to the educational background, interests, abilities and needs of individuals (students). By using adequate information about individuals.

Advisors or counselors can assist teachers or lecturers in treating individuals appropriately, both in selecting and arranging lecture material, choosing lecture methods and processes, and adapting lecture material according to individual abilities and speed.

g. Adjustment

Namely the function of guidance in helping individuals (students) to be able to adjust dynamically and constructively to educational programs, school rules, or religious norms.

Guiding and Counseling Principles

The writers atLaw Assignment Writing Service UK have posted in their researches that there are some basic principles that are seen as the foundation or foundation for guidance services. These principles originate from philosophical concepts about humanity which form the basis for providing assistance or guidance services, both in school and outside of school. The principles are as follows:

a. Guidance is intended for all individuals (guidance is for all individuals).

This principle is that guidance is given to all individuals or students, both those who have no problems and those who have problems, both men and women, both children, adolescents, and adults. In this case, the approach used in the guidance is more preventive and development rather than healing (curative); and preferred group techniques rather than individuals (individuals).

b. Individualization Guidance.

Each individual is unique (different or the same as others), and through individual guidance is helped to maximize the development of its uniqueness. This principle also means that the target of the assistance target is the individual, even though the guidance service uses group techniques.

c. Guidance Emphasize the Positive.

In reality, there are still individuals who have a negative perception of guidance, because guidance is seen as a way of suppressing aspirations. Very different from that view, guidance is actually a process of assistance that suppresses strength and success, because guidance is a way to build a positive outlook on yourself, provide encouragement, and opportunities for growth.

d. Guidance is a joint effort.

Guidance is not only the duty or responsibility of counselors but also the duties of teachers and principals. They as teamwork are involved in the guidance process.

e. Decision Making Is Essential in Guidance.

Guidance is directed to help individuals to make choices and make decisions. Guidance has the role to provide information and advice to individuals, all of which are very important for him in making decisions. Individual life is directed by its purpose.

And guidance facilitates individuals to consider, adjust, and perfect goals through making appropriate decisions. There is an argument that the ability to make choices correctly is not the ability of individuals to solve problems and make decisions.

f. Guidance Takes Place in Various Settings (Scenes) of Life. The provision of guidance services does not only take place in schools, but also in the family, company/industry, government / private institutions, and the community, in general, the field of guidance services is also multi-aspect, that is, covering personal, social and educational.

Categories: Education


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